Countering Hate Speech Online
Summary of the selected good practices of countering Hate Speech Online in Slovenia, Croatia and Serbia
The spreading of hate speech online is making it increasingly difficult to secure human rights, to protect human dignity, and to maintain the democratic standards of public communication and debate.
This troubling form of public communication calls not only for the legal system and media regulators to react to instances of illegal hate speech. It reveals the need for engagement and responsiveness on the part of other institutions and sectors – political institutions and actors, media and communications platforms, civil society, educational and research institutions, and not least individual citizens.
The organizations partnered under the project “BEHAVE – SEE Beyond Hate: Learning and Acting to Counter Hate Speech Online in South East Europe” focused the initial study on the practices and actors battling hate speech in the target countries – Croatia, Slovenia, and Serbia. First, we summarized the definitions of hate speech used in the three countries and reviewed the available analyses of (online) hate speech. We identified the important actors countering (online) hate speech in these countries and collected a wide array of related good practices. We concluded our research by carefully studying and describing the few anti-hate speech practices that stand out due to their extent, range, creativity, complexity and duration.
Apart from practices from Croatia, Slovenia and Serbia, we studied and summarized a few examples of online hate speech curbing measures from other European countries and at the cross-national, European level.
Our research was conducted between April and June 2020.